matter of historical accuracy, it cannot be argued that the. Despite its tiny size (measly 42 pages) it is an amazing educational essay. But but the contrasts have shrunk over the last century, with Americans moving toward the European norms. Charles Murray / AEI. Four American traits central to that culture are: egalitarianism (the classes mixed with each other in America as they did nowhere else) industriousness (no other American quality was so consistently seen as exceptional by foreign observers as Americans unremitting hard work. In terms of governing agendas, the distinctions between Americas and Europes politics have blurred. Democratic presidents since Franklin Roosevelt have advocated policies that are generically similar to those of a European social democratic party. The converging point of agreement is that Americans did not see themselves as members of classes and did not think they were being held back by forces beyond their control. How the United States differs from Europe. Bordered by non-belligerents and surrounded by seas, the land itself reduced typical nation-state diplomatic and military concerns. Until the 1930s, long after working-class movements had become ascendant in Europe, American unionism and the political movements in the country stood out for one fact: They remained remarkably divorced from one another. Mainstream liberals, for their part, have framed their objectives in distinctively American ways.
Murray thesis in american exceptionalism
Murray does not advocate restoring past exceptionalist characteristics, though anyone familiar with his work could probably guess his position on the matter (at one point, he admits: "I subscribe to the Founding ideology of the nation. Americas ideology is a shadow of its original version. And so the concept of class-consciousness never took hold here something that Marx and Engels themselves eventually acknowledged about America. For many Europeans, American exceptionalism is an example of the American chauvinism that they have always found so irritating. It became powerful in the last part of the 19th century and continued to gain strength through the first half of the 20th century. Murray closes with a critical discussion of Americas current status. Liberals of the 19th centuries advocated laissez-faire economics and limited government under democratic rule. French thinkers and brought to maturity by, karl Marx and, friedrich Engels.