central idea. Argument essays demonstrate little ability to understand the author's point (or multiple authors in the synthesis essay) and then construct an argument that analyzes. Rhetorical analysis essays demonstrate uneven or insufficient understanding of how rhetorical strategies create an author's point. The student may summarize the passage's ideas instead of analyzing them. Rhetorical analysis essays demonstrate significant understanding of the passage, its intent, and the rhetorical strategies the author employs. Although each essay topic has its own scoring rubric (or guide) based on that topic's specific information, a general scoring guide for rhetorical analysis and argumentation essays follows. Incorrect assertions may be made about the passage. Notice that, on the whole, essay-scoring guides encompass four essential points; AP readers want your essay to be (1) on topic, (2) well organized, (3) thoroughly developed, and (4) correct in mechanics and sophisticated in style.
Perhaps unfinished, these essays offer no analysis of the passage and little or no evidence for the student's ideas. Although the writing conveys the writer's ideas, they are presented simplistically and often contain lapses in diction or syntax. Frequently, the ideas are predictable and the paragraph development weak. Although the writer's ideas are generally understandable, the control of language is often immature.
The writing demonstrates stylistic sophistication and control over the elements of effective writing, although it is not necessarily faultless. Argument essays demonstrate little ability to construct an argument. High-scoring essays thoroughly address all the tasks of the essay prompt in well-organized responses. Low Score (1-2 these essays demonstrate minimal understanding of the topic or the passage. Question, how many body paragraphs do I need? They may not clearly identify the author's point, may not present multiple authors' points of view in the synthesis essay, and may offer little evidence for the student's position. These essays are weaker than the 5 score because the writer overlooks or perhaps misreads important ideas in the passage. If you have two strong, well-developed paragraphs, then that could probably still make a high score. Argument essays demonstrate the ability to construct an adequate argument, understand the author's point, and discuss its implications with suitable evidence. The essay is given a holistic score from 1. Minimal or nonexistent evidence hurts the essay's effectiveness.