possible. tags: Argument For Abortion, Pro Choice Strong Essays 1181 words (3.4 pages) Preview - Are You in Denial. The most head-on rejection of ethical realism is perhaps the sort of moral error theory defended. Echoing the Sophist Thrasymachus, Marx said that the ideas of the ruling class are in every epoch the ruling ideas. He regarded his own work as building carefully on that progress. tags: health, medication Term Papers 2041 words (5.8 pages) Preview. Is this truth at all? Nietzsche, on the other hand, wrote extensively and influentially about morality. . In Hookers theory, unexpected telephone conversation essay the rule-consequentialist agent is motivated not by a desire to maximize the good but by a desire to act in ways that are impartially defensible. Non-descriptivists agree, nonetheless, that moral language is the tool of choice when we are panting for help, recommending a course of actions, passing judgments on what others do, and so on, but it is never the tool for describing the world. Cognitivism is the view that moral judgments are cognitive states just like ordinary beliefs.
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This allows Waller to maintain that at one level the moral facts are internally real, but at another level, namely, the megaethical level, the moral facts are ideal (1994, 67). Substantive discussion of the question, therefore, tended to focus on the case of an individual who is fully rational and psychologically normal, and who thus has all the desires such a person could plausibly be assumed to have, including some that are self-interested and others. Moore asked his readers to picture a world filled with all possible imaginable beauty but devoid of any being who can experience pleasure or pain. That is, cognitivism and descriptivism, which had once crystallized the realism/antirealism debate, no longer. Ironically, an important stimulus for the development of moral philosophy came from a group of teachers to whom the later Greek philosophersSocrates, Plato, and Aristotlewere consistently hostile: the Sophist. In one of his late works, The Law of Peoples (1999 Rawls himself turned to the relations between societies, though his conclusions were more conservative than those of Unger and Pogge. (See his 1977, 1986, and 2000; see also Harman and Thomson 1996 in which an interesting discussion of reasons both for and against moral objectivity is presented.) The relativist maintains that there are some ethical questions that can be correctly answered with yes for one. As mentioned earlier, Brandt wished to restrict the application of moral terms to the rational desires and preferences an individual presumably would be left with after undergoing cognitive psychotherapy. In its oldest and most widespread form, the idea that a moral code has objective validity rests on the belief that it has some sort of divine sanction. . Just what these moral principles should be is a task for critical thinking. Yet, unlike other figures of comparable importance, such as the Buddha or Confucius, he did not tell his audience how they should live. It is thought to have implications for the social sciences, for international relations, and for relations between communities within a society. .
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